Craniofacial Surgery

Craniofacial surgery is a surgical specialty that involves the correction of congenital or acquired deformities of the head and neck. A craniosynostosis surgeon treats infants, children, and adults with a variety of skull deformities that affect the shape of their heads. This includes disorders such as plagiocephaly (flattened heads), brachycephaly (broadly-shaped heads), scaphocephaly (rare caved-in skulls), plagio/brachycephaly, diastematomyelia, trigonocephaly and other congenital anomalies.

Craniofacial surgery also encompasses surgery for facial trauma and reconstruction following cancer treatment or accidents such as burns or gunshot wounds.

Craniofacial surgeons may also perform vascular surgery on brain aneurysms; this requires special training in endovascular techniques including coil embolization and stent placement.

Craniofacial surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on the facial and skull bones of the head, neck, and upper trunk. It is also known as “craniofacial surgery” or “craniomaxillofacial surgery” (CMFS).

Craniofacial surgeons treat trauma, birth defects, cancer, tumors, infections and congenital anomalies. They can also treat patients who have had previous facial trauma or surgery.

Craniofacial surgeons perform operations on bones in the skull and face as well as other parts of the head (e.g., ears, nose, sinuses). They also treat injuries to cartilage and soft tissue in the face such as lips, cheeks and ears.

Specialists who perform craniofacial operations may be general plastic surgeons specializing in cosmetic procedures or they may be neurosurgeons who specialize in operating on brain tumors or other areas within the head and neck area.

Craniofacial surgery is the term used to describe a broad range of operations relating to the head, face and neck. At our craniofacial center, we are proud to offer a comprehensive list of services in this rapidly growing field. We offer everything from cosmetic procedures to reconstructive and functional surgeries.

The surgeons at our center have extensive experience in performing all types of craniofacial procedures including:

Otoplasty – Ear Surgery

Rhinoplasty – Nose Surgery

Facial Trauma Reconstruction

Spinal Deformities (Scoliosis)

Tumor Removal

Craniofacial surgery is a subspecialty of orthodontics that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital (present at birth) and acquired craniofacial abnormalities. Craniofacial surgery is also known as craniomaxillofacial surgery or OMFS.

Craniofacial anomalies may be caused by genetic, environmental and/or metabolic factors. Examples include cleft lip and palate; facial asymmetry; underdevelopment or overgrowth of bones; craniosynostosis (premature closure of the sutures); scoliosis; Down syndrome; Treacher Collins syndrome; Apert syndrome; Pierre Robin sequence; Goldenhar syndrome; orofacial clefts; hemifacial microsomia; neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1); Sturge-Weber syndrome; neurocutaneous syndromes such as neurofibromatosis type 1, craniofrontonasal dysplasia and Sturge-Weber-Dimitrios complex; neuroectodermal tumors such as neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma and central nervous system lymphomas.

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Craniofacial surgery is a subspecialty of plastic and reconstructive surgery that deals with the surgical and non-surgical reconstruction of the cranium, facial bones and tissues, and associated soft tissues for functional and cosmetic improvement. The cranium refers to the skull, face, and jawbone.

Craniofacial surgeons treat birth defects, trauma injuries, cancerous tumors, congenital deformities, developmental anomalies and other conditions that affect the head and neck region. Craniofacial surgeons are trained to determine the best surgical treatment based on each patient’s unique problem. They work closely with other specialists such as ENT (ears/nose/throat) physicians or otolaryngologists; neurosurgeons; orthodontists; oral surgeons; plastic surgeons; speech pathologists; pediatricians or pediatric specialists; and plastic reconstructive surgeons.

The goal of craniofacial surgery is not just to repair damaged tissue but also to improve function by restoring normal appearance or function.

What Is a Craniofacial Disorder?

What Is a Craniofacial Disorder
What Is a Craniofacial Disorder

Craniofacial disorders are conditions that affect the head and face. They can be congenital (present at birth), or they can develop later in life. Some craniofacial disorders are genetically inherited, while others are not.

Craniofacial disorders affect the bones and tissues of the skull, face, jaws and neck. They may involve only one part of the face or head, or they may affect multiple areas simultaneously. Many people with a craniofacial disorder have multiple health issues that need to be addressed at once by a team of specialists.

Types of Craniofacial Disorders

Craniofacial disorders include many different conditions that affect children from birth through adulthood:

Cleft lip and palate: A cleft is an opening in the tissue between the two sides of your baby’s mouth that can range from mild to severe. Clefts can affect your child’s ability to eat and speak clearly as well as their appearance. Most children born with cleft lips will require surgery before they turn 1 year old; some will need more than one operation over time because their clefts keep reopening after they heal initially.”

Occipital plagiocephaly (scalp flattening): Occipital plagioceph

Craniofacial disorders are a group of conditions that affect the bones and soft tissues of the head and face. Some craniofacial conditions can cause deformities and disfigurement, while others don’t cause symptoms at all.

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Craniofacial disorders may be present at birth (congenital) or they may develop later in life due to injury or disease.

Some examples of craniofacial disorders include:

Apert syndrome — an inherited disorder characterized by abnormal skull shape, malformed middle ear bones and an open forehead skin fold

Crouzon syndrome — a genetic disorder characterized by premature closure of the skull bones, an underdeveloped lower face, and brain abnormalities

Treacher Collins syndrome — an inherited disorder characterized by abnormal facial features, hearing loss and vision problems

A craniofacial disorder is a birth defect of the head and face. It can be genetic (inherited) or caused by something the mother was exposed to during pregnancy.

Craniofacial disorders affect a person’s appearance, chewing, breathing and speaking abilities and the overall health of their nervous system. In some cases, they can cause learning disabilities or delays in development.

The most common types of craniofacial disorders include:

Apert syndrome — a birth defect that affects the shape of the skull and face; associated with hearing loss and intellectual disability

Crouzon syndrome — another type of craniosynostosis (early fusion of skull bones) that affects vision; also associated with intellectual disability

Treacher Collins syndrome — a group of conditions characterized by underdeveloped facial bones; associated with hearing loss and learning disabilities

Craniofacial disorders are a group of birth defects that affect the head, face and neck. They can be genetic or acquired later in life. Craniofacial disorders may affect only one part of the body or multiple areas. Some affected areas may include:






Craniofacial disorders are a group of conditions that affect the shape of your head and face. They can cause breathing, hearing and vision problems as well as speech problems.

There are several types of craniofacial disorders:

Craniosynostosis is when one or more of the bones in your skull close early, which can cause brain abnormalities.

Cranial deformities happen when there’s something wrong with your skull after birth.

Congenital facial clefts happen when there’s a hole in the roof of your mouth (palate) or down into your nose, causing the upper lip to be split in two.

Facial asymmetry happens when one side of your face doesn’t match the other side.

What is Craniofacial Trauma?

What is Craniofacial Trauma
What is Craniofacial Trauma

Craniofacial trauma is a term used to describe injury to the skull, face or neck. It can result from a fall, car accident or violent assault. The severity of craniofacial trauma can vary greatly. Some injuries may require only minor treatment while others may be life-threatening.

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Craniofacial trauma occurs when there is damage to the skull, face or neck area. This can include:

Abrasions (scrapes)

Contusions (bruises)

Lacerations (cuts)

Dislocation of joints in the head and neck area

Fractures of bones in the head and neck area

Craniofacial trauma is the type of injury to the head, face and neck that can cause serious facial disfigurement or even death. Types of craniofacial injuries include:

Basal skull fractures

Skull and facial fractures

Brain injury

Eye injury

Craniofacial trauma is a serious injury that occurs when an object strikes the head, causing damage to the skull, brain and facial bones.

Craniofacial trauma can result from an accident, such as a car crash or fall, or from violence such as a gunshot wound or assault.

The severity of craniofacial trauma depends on the extent of damage to your brain and facial bones. A mild injury may produce only temporary symptoms while more severe injuries can result in permanent disability or even death.

Craniofacial trauma is the most common type of facial injury and involves a fracture or other damage to the bones of the skull or face. The term “craniofacial” refers to the head and face. It’s sometimes abbreviated “CF.”

Craniofacial trauma can affect all parts of your face:

Your eyes: A blow to your eye can cause a detached retina — a condition that usually requires surgery to repair.

Your nose: A broken nose will usually heal on its own with rest, ice packs and over-the-counter pain medication. But if it’s severe enough, you may need surgery to reset your nose and reposition it correctly.

Your jaw: A fractured jaw can be painful and disfiguring, but most fractures heal well without surgical intervention. A doctor might prescribe antibiotics if there are signs of infection at the site of the injury. In some cases, doctors will wire jaws together temporarily so they can heal properly before they’re wired shut permanently.

Craniofacial trauma is an injury to the head, face and neck. It can be caused by a fall, blow or car accident, but it also can be the result of violence.

Craniofacial trauma can cause serious injuries to bones and soft tissues. These include:

Broken facial bones, such as the cheekbone, jawbone or eye socket

Injuries to nerves in the face and head

Bruising around the eyes or ears


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