Prostatism refers to a set of symptoms (such as difficulty in urinating, decreased force in the stream of urine, and incomplete bladder emptying) that occur because of enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is located just below the urinary bladder. It lies in front of the rectum and surrounds part of the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder and out through the penis. Prostatism may also be used to refer to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a noncancerous condition in which there is an increase in size of the prostate gland.

The prostate gland enlarges with age. The increase in size can compress the urethra and partially block urine flow, causing difficulty with urination. In addition to prostatism, other symptoms of BPH include:

Weak or interrupted urine flow; dribbling at the end of urination

A sensation that you cannot completely empty your bladder

The need to urinate frequently, especially at night

Acute urinary retention (the sudden inability to urinate)

Prostatism is a syndrome associated with outlet obstruction at the bladder neck and the commonest cause is benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). Other causes include prostate cancer and urethral stricture.

The cardinal symptom of prostatism is hesitancy, usually with a prolonged stream. The patient may sit to urinate, or may need to sit down after standing for a while to empty his bladder. However, some patients feel that they do not fully empty their bladder, and this leads them to strain repeatedly in an attempt to pass urine. Nocturia may be a problem if there is nocturnal bowel activity as well. Obstruction of the bladder neck also predisposes to urinary tract infection, incontinence and overflow incontinence.

One examination finding may be a palpable bladder due to overflow incontinence or poor detrusor contractility. Palpation of the prostate should be performed for all men over 40 years old, as it forms part of the abdominal examination.

Prostatism is a syndrome associated with outlet obstruction at the bladder neck and the commonest cause is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The presenting symptoms include frequency, urgency, hesitancy, poor stream and straining to void. There may be acute urinary retention, which requires catheterisation.

The diagnosis is usually made on the history and examination. An elevated PSA level can be seen in BPH but is not specific. Serum creatinine may be raised in chronic retention and a post-void residual urine volume may be found on ultrasound scanning.

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Treatment of patients with symptomatic BPH includes observation, medication (e.g. alpha-blockers), transurethral resection of the prostate or laser ablation of the prostate

prostatism (also known as bladder outlet obstruction) is a syndrome associated with urinary symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer or both. Prostatism can also occur in younger men in association with urethral stricture and prostatitis.

It is characterized by frequency, urgency, dysuria, incomplete emptying of the bladder and nocturia, as well as sudden inability to urinate.

Symptoms of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) are often confused with those of LUTS, although there may be some overlap between the two conditions.



a condition marked by symptoms of prostatic enlargement.

Prostatism is a syndrome associated with outlet obstruction at the bladder neck and the commonest cause is benign prostatic hyperplasia; it may also be due to prostate cancer. The presenting features are those of urinary retention and/or bladder outlet obstruction.

obstruction of the urinary tract at the level of the prostate, leading to dribbling and incomplete emptying of the bladder. It may be due to benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostatic carcinoma. Clinical symptoms are hesitancy, frequent urination, dysuria, urgency and nocturia. Diagnosis is by urine microscopy and culture, cystoscopy, and flow studies. Treatment includes medication (e.g. alpha-blockers), transurethral resection of the prostate gland or, in severe cases, suprapubic cystostomy.

What are The Symptoms Of Prostatism?

What are The Symptoms Of Prostatism
What are The Symptoms Of Prostatism

What are the symptoms of Prostatism?

Prostatism — a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland — can cause serious urinary problems, including difficulty in urinating.

What are the symptoms of Prostatism?

How is Prostatism diagnosed?

Prostatism may be detected during a routine physical exam. A digital rectal exam may be done to check for an enlarged prostate or other abnormalities of the prostate. Urine tests also may help detect Prostatism. In some cases, your doctor may order additional tests to confirm a diagnosis or to determine the cause of your symptoms.

If symptoms do not improve after treatment with medications, your doctor may recommend surgery to relieve pressure on the urethra caused by an enlarged prostate.

Symptoms of Prostatism

The symptoms of prostatism are similar to those of an enlarged prostate, but they may be more severe. In some cases, men with prostatism may have:

urinary tract infections that are caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract through the blocked urethra

chronic urinary retention (inability to completely empty the bladder)

bladder stones that form because of undrained urine in the bladder

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kidney damage caused by urine backing up into the kidneys

In addition, some men with prostate blockage may experience a sudden inability to urinate. This usually occurs when the bladder contracts, but urine cannot move out. The medical term for this condition is acute urinary retention. Acute urinary retention can cause pain and discomfort and sometimes requires emergency treatment.

Prostatism is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate that blocks urine flow from the bladder. This can lead to many annoying symptoms.

Symptoms include urinary tract infections, decreased force in the stream of urine, dribbling or leaking urine and frequent urination.

Diagnosis is by physical examination, rectal examination and tests of prostate fluid.

Treatment includes drugs such as alpha-blockers, finasteride and dutasteride, surgery and other procedures.

Prostatism is a medical problem that is associated with prostate gland enlargement. It is not a disease by itself. It usually occurs in elderly men. When the prostate gland enlarges, it compresses the urethra which carries urine from the bladder out of the body. This may cause problems with urinating.

Symptoms may include:

  • Slow and weak urine stream
  • Difficulty starting to urinate
  • Dribbling after urination
  • Needing to urinate more often than usual, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely

Prostatism is a syndrome, not a disease. The symptoms can be caused by several different problems. The main symptoms are:


A feeling of not having emptied the bladder completely

The need to urinate often (frequency)

Weak urine flow or difficulty starting or stopping the stream of urine (hesitancy and intermittency)

Symptoms that come and go for months or years may get worse over time.

Prostatism is a syndrome in men caused by an enlarged prostate. It can be very uncomfortable, but it does not shorten life or lead to cancer of the prostate. The main symptoms are

Slowness or stopping of the urine stream

A feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination

Having to urinate again soon after finishing

Painful urination or having blood in the urine

Having an urgent need to urinate

Medications, including alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, can help. Surgery may be needed if other treatments do not help.

Is Prostatomegaly Serious?

Is Prostatomegaly Serious
Is Prostatomegaly Serious

What are the symptoms of prostatomegaly?

In some men, an enlarged prostate causes mild to moderate urinary symptoms. But in others it causes no symptoms at all.

The most common symptom of a problem with the prostate gland is an increase in urinary frequency. This means you’ll have to urinate more often than usual. You may also have difficulty urinating, or need to strain or push while urinating. If your prostate enlarges significantly, it may block the flow of urine from your bladder and result in the sudden urge to urinate. This can cause incontinence (the inability to control your bladder).

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Prostatomegaly is an enlargement of the prostate gland. This can be caused by a number of factors, including some medications and prostate cancer. The prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system that produces fluid for semen.

It can grow larger over time, which may cause urinary incontinence, bladder stones, and urinary tract infection.

If prostatomegaly is caused by cancer, it can be a serious condition. If the condition is diagnosed early, treatment options are usually good. However, if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it may be difficult to treat.

Enlargement of the prostate is a very common problem in men after age 50. It can lead to other problems like frequent urination, inability to completely empty the bladder, nocturia (nighttime urination), increased risk of bladder and kidney infections, and poor urinary flow.

Most men are not aware of what their prostate is or where it is located. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. In adults, it is approximately the size of a walnut and sits just below the bladder. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder) passes through the center of the prostate.

The prostate gland has a normal growth spurt during puberty and then stays about the same size until about age 25 to 30. Then it starts to grow again and continues growing throughout life. This second growth spurt is due to hormonal changes in middle age.

Enlargement of the prostate gland is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It happens in most men as they get older. BPH does not increase your risk for prostate cancer but many men have both BPH and prostate cancer at the same time so it can be confusing.

Most men with BPH do not have symptoms or their symptoms are mild and they do not

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called benign prostatic hypertrophy, is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.

The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of your body. As the prostate grows larger, it can press against and constrict the urethra. This may result in urinary symptoms, such as a weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more frequently or urgently, including during the middle of the night.